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  • (中英对照)An aid compact with a hidden agenda 名为援外 实则霸道
  • 2020-03-13
  • Sri Lanka finds Trojan horse in the US MCC aid compact. 斯里兰卡发现,美国MCC公司的援助项目里藏有猫腻。

    Be careful about a free lunch. Sri Lanka was happy at first, but ultimately had to reject a US development compact.

    对免费的午餐要小心,斯里兰卡在经过最初的喜悦之后,近日决定拒绝一项美国的发展援助。


    The $480m deal with Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) was supposed to tackle two binding constraints on economic growth.

    这项原计划同美国“千年挑战公司” (千年挑战公司是美国政府全资所有,负责美对外发展援助的专门机构)签署的总额4.8亿美元发展援助协议,声称是为了解决斯经济发展中面临的两个问题。


    MCC claimed the deal would benefit 54% of Sri Lanka’s population as “these investments will reduce severe traffic bottlenecks, create safer, more reliable public transportation, and lower the transport costs required to connect people and goods with booming markets.”

    千年挑战公司表示,54%的斯里兰卡人民将从这项协议中获益,通过执行该协议,有望缓解斯里兰卡交通严重拥堵的情况,使公共交通更加安全、可靠,同时还将降低人员货物的运输成本。


    Then comes the Trojan embedded in the draft: “The MCC and the United States Government or any current or former officer or employee of MCC or the United States Government shall be immune from the jurisdiction of all courts and tribunals of Sri Lanka for any claim or loss arising out of activities or omissions under this Compact.”

    协议文本的猫腻是,其中一款明确表明,“千年挑战公司、美国政府及其现任及前任雇员将免于因任何从事该协议有关工作所造成的任何损失或伤害而受斯里兰卡法律和司法体系的审判和约束。


    It was a poison pill and it caused a stir.

    这种条款无异于一颗毒丸,引发轩然大波。


    Could it mean large-scale privatization of precious farmland  and then lease of it to someone else for other use? What if someone collects sensitive landscape data? And diplomatic immunity for U.S. businesses under the MCC umbrella could enable almost any kind of negative corporate behavior. 

    这是不是意味着,大量农田可以私有化,转租他人,挪做他用?假如有人借机搜集敏感地理信息呢?所谓的外交豁免权,是不是说,只要打着MCC项目的旗号,就可以从事任何不法商业行为?


    “Are we going back to colonial times again?” Local media and intellectuals are charging that the MCC is an instrument of a new-type imperialism pursuing economic hegemony over poorer countries. Noted columnist Shenali Waduge earlier wrote “In short the plan is to turn Sri Lanka into another colony, an American military base in the Indian Ocean.”

    “难道我们要重回殖民时代吗?”当地媒体和学术界人士直指千年挑战公司,称它是对穷国实施新殖民主义的工具。知名专栏专家Shenali Waduge写道:“说白了,这个项目就是把斯里兰卡变为殖民地,变成美国在印度洋的军事基地。”


    They have every reason to worry. In Nepal, a similar MCC compact worth 500 million US dollars is still hanging upon parliament for approval. The clauses include “the government waives any and all claims against MCC or the United States Government ... for all loss, damage, injury, or death arising out of activities or omissions under this Compact, and agrees that it shall not bring any claim or legal proceeding of any kind against any of the above entities or persons for any such loss, damage, injury, or death.”

    斯里兰卡人民的担忧是完全合理的。在斯里兰卡之前,千年挑战公司也曾在尼泊尔引起轩然大波。一项仍待议会通过的、价值5亿美元的类似援助协议中写道:“尼泊尔政府需免除对千年挑战公司和美国政府及其雇员因履行该协议造成损失、伤害以及人员死亡的追偿和起诉权”


    Sounds familiar? Seems like a standard clause for every MCC compact.

    似曾相识?看来这样的条款是接受美方千年挑战计划发展援助的一个标准动作。


    In Madagascar, MCC-funded land reforms resulted in 1.3 million hectares of farmland being leased free of charge to a foreign private company for 99 years for export agriculture, as clauses and provisions in MCC’s compact shall not be subject to Madagascar laws.  In other words, national sovereignty, security and policies have been sold out.

    之前,马达加斯加就是因为千年挑战公司援助的土改项目,导致130万公顷的农业用地被无偿租赁给外国私人企业长达99年,而且这种行为不受马达加斯加法律约束。这就是说,国家的主权、安全、政策都随着协议一起卖掉了。


    The MCC is applauded by some as a better alternative to China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). But ironically, from 2013 till now, over 200 countries, regions and international organizations have signed BRI deals with China without a single clause asking for any kind of immunity for any Chinese companies. All Chinese staff and activities must strictly abide by local laws. No hidden agenda. No neo-colonialism.

    千年挑战公司项目被一些西方媒体渲染成优于中国的“一带一路”倡议的替代方案。但具有讽刺意思的是,自2003年以来,先后有200多个国家、地区和国际组织与中国签署了“一带一路”合作协议,没有一项条款替中国公司要求豁免权。相反,协议规定,所有中国雇员,所有中方的行为,都必须严格遵守当地法律。没有任何隐藏木马,更没有新殖民主义!


    The MCC compact intends to do exactly what China is alleged to be doing but has never even attempted.

    中国因为子虚乌有的事情被西方无端指责,而现在,这些子虚乌有的事情却在千年挑战公司那里被坐实了。


    By Ge Anna

    作者:盖安娜

    Note: Ge Anna is a staff reporter at China Plus. The article reflects the author's views. 

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